Consumer Price Index (CPI)

The Consumer Price Index is the most popular way to measure inflation. There are many other techniques, some more reliable and precise than CPI, but this is the one that’s most commonly used and reported.

The CPI measures inflation’s effects on a basket of goods and services that is intended to represent the purchasing habits of a typical consumer.

Consumer Price Index — Annualized Month-to-Month Changes

There are several varieties of CPI. The following chart uses the data series called CPI-U. The data are adjusted for seasonality. You can use your mouse (or your finger, if you’re using a touchscreen device) to hover over each bar on the graph below to see its actual value.

Data Source: Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED), Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Gross Domestic Product [Series: CPIAUCSL] ; U.S. Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics;
http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/CPIAUCSL

The Full CPI Report, from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, helps you keep track of this crucial inflation gauge.


Consumer Price Index — CPI-U — Seasonally Adjusted

Th is graph shows CPI over time. Economic recessions are highlighted in gray. This version of the Producer Price Index shows the aggregate for all PPI data. Other versions of PPI are available to show, for example, only Finished Goods, or Finished Goods minus Food and Energy products, or just Capital Goods. The data for this graph are not seasonally adjusted.

Consumer Price Index, CPI-U

Data Source: Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED), Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Producer Price Index [Series: CPIAUCSL] ; U.S. Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics;
http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/CPIAUCSL


Report Summary

A summary of the most important data from the current Consumer Price Index Report is shown here:

Note:

  • NSA means the data are not seasonally adjusted
  • SA means the data are seasonally adjusted

Consumer Price Index

Consumer Price Index Latest Numbers

CPI-U, US City Average, All Items:

NSA
+0.3% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

SA
+0.2% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

NSA
+2.2% since Apr 2016
Historical Data

CPI-U, US City Average, All Items Less Food and Energy:

NSA
+0.1% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

SA
+0.1% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

NSA
+1.9% since Apr 2016
Historical Data

CPI-U, US City Average, Medical Care:

NSA
-0.2% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

SA
-0.2% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

NSA
+3.0% since Apr 2016
Historical Data

CPI-W, US City Average, All Items:

NSA
+0.3% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

SA
+0.2% in Apr 2017
Historical Data

NSA
+2.1% since Apr 2016
Historical Data

  • SA- Seasonally Adjusted
  • NSA- Not Seasonally Adjusted

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